Brookstone School

First Grade

First grade is a time of fun and adventure. It is a time for many "firsts"... losing that first tooth at school, taking that first spelling test, and performing our first grade play on the Turner Center stage. Decoding skills help us become fluent readers and spellers. We enjoy writing in our journals about the activities we do and lessons we learn. In science we study units on animals, plants, weather, caring for the earth, and matter.  A visit to the Patterson Planetarium each March teaches us about planets and constellations. In social studies, we celebrate Veteran's Day and Black History month, watch videos of famous inventors, learn about continents and oceans, study maps, and practice good citizenship. We enjoy performing in a play that features how different countries around the world celebrate Christmas.  Math skills include telling time, counting money, learning addition and subtraction strategies, practicing patterns, sorting, distinguishing shapes, and place value. Many activities that reinforce these skills are done in our computer lab.

Language Arts
First graders become good readers by developing phonemic awareness, increasing sight vocabularies, and learning to use context clues. They practice comprehension strategies and learn to preview, recall, ask questions, make predictions, set a purpose for reading, make inferences, recognize story elements, sequence, restate main ideas, recognize cause and effect, and draw conclusions.

Writing skills focus on correct formation and spacing of upper and lower case manuscript letters and numbers, punctuation, and capitalization. Students write to express personal ideas in stories, poems, and journals.

Listening focuses on comprehending stories and poems, as well as learning to and listening to be informed and to perform a task.

Accelerated Reader reinforces comprehension skills according to each child's reading level.

First graders learn problem solving by drawing a picture, using guess and check, applying spatial reasoning, writing an open sentence or explaining solutions through oral and written communication.

Number Concepts include counting numbers to 100 from numbers other than zero, ordinal numbers, odd and even numbers, mental math and counting strategies, place values, addition and subtraction concepts and facts to18, fractions, coin values, estimation, probability, and real world application of numbers.

Measurement skills include telling time to the half and quarter hour, elapsed time to the hour, and measuring in inches, centimeters, and pounds.

Geometry includes working with plane and solid shapes and learning characteristics of each.

Accelerated Math provides a more individualized approach to reinforce/enrich math objectives.

Social Studies
Students focus on rules and responsibilities in school and at home. Citizenship and national pride is encouraged through a study of attributes and responsibilities of good citizens and the role of citizens in helping people in our community. Students learn patriotic songs and national symbols. A study of our American heritage includes Native American culture, Thanksgiving and historical figures. First graders learn that the United States is a country of many cultures.  A play featuring how different countries around the world celebrate Christmas is performed in December.

A study of plants and animals encourages students to explore, observe, and describe characteristics of living things.

Earth and Space activities demonstrate that Earth is made of land, air, and water. Students enjoy observing and describing the sun, moon, and stars.

While exploring physical properties of matter, first grade scientists identify materials as solids, liquids, or gases, compare and describe materials by color, size, shape, odor, flexibility, and composition, and measure and compare materials by size using nonstandard units of measurement.

Smart Boards are used on a daily basis to integrate, enhance, and reinforce all subject matter.

First grade art is an introduction to the elements of art, art appreciation, art history, and studio techniques. Students are introduced to drawing, painting, printmaking, collage, ceramics, and sculpture, as well as the use and care of art materials. First grade art focuses on some of the basic elements of art: line, color, shape, pattern, value, and texture. Students create art using a variety of media from imagined and real experience. The students learn about different types of art and artists who create the art works.

Students learn seasonal and fun songs that illustrate basic music concepts.  They also learn songs for the First grade play and the Christmas program.  They work on using their singing voice to produce a good tone.  Students learn songs with movements and simple dances and learn to move to the beat of the music.  Students play the steady beat and simple rhythms to accompany songs on the rhythm instruments.  Listening experiences include a unit on instruments of the orchestra, and music that coordinates with movement such as marching, galloping, floating, etc. Creative activities include creating movements to music, and creating accompaniments to songs on the rhythm instruments.  Pre-reading concepts covered are high, middle and low pitches, tempo, keeping the beat, and how rhythms are made up of short, medium, and long sounds.

Basic LAN and word processing skills (saving in a specific folder and printing) are continued. Students develop critical thinking and problem solving skills and learn to work with a partner to complete a task.   Math, science, and reading skills are reinforced through age appropriate computer programs.

Spanish skills introduced are additional greetings and introductory remarks, alphabet and vowels are reviewed, general commands, gender of nouns with definite and indefinite articles, numbers 0-20, counting by 10s, 5s, and 2s, colors, phone numbers, addresses,  days of the week, months of the year, items in the classroom, parts of the body, clothing, telling time, our community, directions, home, foods, family, animals,  descriptions of self or friend, professions and occupations, descriptive adjectives, possessive adjectives, weather, seasons, Spanish speaking countries in the Americas (geography, foods, cultural facts), and holiday celebrations in Latin America and Spain.  First graders concentrate on listening and oral expression. 

Skills presented in previous grades are reinforced. They are introduced to media for illustrations, matching illustrations to the story, recognizing perspective of the story and parts of a story.  First graders review the spine label parts and add learning about nonfiction as well as fiction in the E section and some materials in the upper level (junior) reading sections.  First graders may also begin to use the automated card catalog to find selections on the shelf.  They continue to use encyclopedias and dictionaries and discuss biography usually corresponding to a class activity. They also become familiar with Accelerated Reader and take computerized tests in the library individually. They should become totally proficient with the automated circulation system.

Physical Education
First grade physical education builds upon the skills learned in Kindergarten movement education with an emphasis on more advanced locomotor and manipulative skills. Students are assessed through different skills that involve accuracy, striking, catching, throwing, kicking, and jumping rope.